A claw hammer, wood chisel set, a hand saw, a miter box with a saw (for cutting angles), a coping saw, finish punches, flat and straight tip screwdrivers, a rubber mallet (for tapping pieces together while not damaging the wood), woodworking clamps, a wood vise, a bench plane, a rasp, a tape measure, a 12″ steel rule, a 6″ steel square, and don’t forget the wood glue and a brush to spread the wood glue! Of course you will need a dry place to work and may need a pair of saw horses to work on.
Here is my Beginners List of Woodworking Power Tools:
Circular saw, a jig saw, a table saw, a belt sander (to remove larger amounts of material and level out larger surfaces), an orbital finish sander, a 3/8″ electric drill, a 12v or 18v cordless drill.
Here is my Beginners List of Woodworking Safety Equipment:
Safety glasses, clear safety goggles, dust masks, face shield, hearing protectors, Nitrile disposable gloves
We could go on and on with listing more woodworking hand tools and more woodworking power tools here, but the idea is to buy the essential hand and power tools that beginners will need. You can always add to your toolbox as you gain experience!